Advisory Committee
Jeffrey R. Anshel, OD, FAAO

Dr. Jeffrey Anshel is a 1975 graduate from the Illinois College of Optometry. He has written numerous articles and ten books regarding nutritional influences on vision and computer vision concerns. Dr. Anshel is the principal of Corporate Vision Consulting, where he addresses nutrition and eye health, as well as digital eyestrain. He lectures internationally to ergonomic professionals and eyecare providers on vision health topics. Dr. Anshel is a Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry and Founder and Past President of the Ocular Wellness and Nutrition Society. He maintains a consulting business in Kapaa, Hawaii.

Marc R. Grossman, O.D., L.Ac.
Marc R. Grossman, O.D., L.Ac.

Dr. Marc Grossman, O.D., LA.c, is an influential pioneer, leader, and practitioner in integrative eye care.

In practice since 1980, his comprehensive background includes degrees in Optometry, Biology, Physical Education, and Learning Disabilities, coupled with yoga, bioenergetics, nutrition, Chinese medicine, and acupuncture. This orientation provides the foundation for an integrated approach to vision and its influence on the body, mind and spirit of each patient. He is dedicated to helping those with a wide range of conditions from myopia and dry eyes to potentially vision threatening diseases such as macular degeneration and glaucoma.

A. Paul Chous, MA, OD, FAAO
A. Paul Chous, MA, OD, FAAO

Dr. Paul Chous has a private practice specializing in diabetes eye care and education in Tacoma, WA and is Adjunct Professor of Optometry at Western University of Health Sciences in Pomona, CA. He completed his undergraduate education at Brown and UC Irvine, and then received his Masters and Doctorate of Optometry degrees from UC Berkeley. He is the author of Diabetic Eye Disease: Lessons From a Diabetic Eye Doctor, which was included in the “Top 12 Diabetes Books” by Diabetes Update magazine in 2004. He is editorial advisor to Review of Optometry and Optometry Times, AOA representative to the National Diabetes Education Program, Primary Investigator for the Diabetes Visual Function Supplement Study (DiVFuSS), and was named one of the 250 most influential optometrists in 2017. Dr. Chous has had type 1 diabetes since 1968.

Allen Taylor, PhD
Allen Taylor, PhD

Dr. Allen Taylor is Professor Emeritus in the Departments of Nutrition, Developmental, Molecular and Chemical Biology, and Ophthalmology. He directed the Laboratory for Nutrition and Vision Research Laboratory at the HNRCA for 40 years. His research focused on the pathophysiology of- and ways to ameliorate or delay progress of – age-related eye diseases, specifically age-related macular degeneration and cataract. He and his colleagues discovered that age-related oxidative and glycative damage to proteins in the eye compromise the function of the retina and lens. Worse, the protein editing machinery, that should remove damaged proteins, is also compromised. Together, this double jeopardy explains in part, why rates of disease accelerate upon aging. On a more optimistic note, they also showed that by lowering stress, including sugar-induced stress, one can diminish risk for age related disease. Dr. Taylor has published more than 180 peer-reviewed research articles and 51 reviews and has edited two foundational texts and multiple monographs, one on Aminopeptidases and the second on Nutritional and Environmental Influences on the Eye. Recent projects focus on associations between nutrition, retina and lens function, metabolomics, proteomics and proteostasis and microbiomes. He has trained over 30 graduate fellows, most of whom remain active scientists, and has served as the PI for multiple, continuously funded, NIH supported projects. Dr. Taylor is Founding Director of Scientific Training Encouraging Peace-Graduate Training Program (STEP-GTP; website STEP-GTP.org), a graduate program that fosters peace through collaboration between Israeli and Palestinian students. Among his many awards, Dr. Taylor has earned the City College of New York Humanitarian Award, Denham Harmon Award for Excellence in Aging Research, Osborn and Mendel Award for Excellence in Nutrition Research, Robert M. Russell Scientific Achievement Award (Tufts University), the Pfizer Consumer Healthcare Nutritional Science Award (American Society for Nutrition), the Morris-Belkin Weizmann Visiting Professor Award (Weizmann Institute of Science) and an award from the Guggenheim Foundation. Dr. Taylor was a senior Fulbright fellow. Dr. Taylor also served as vice president of the International Society for Eye Research and Programming Planning Committee in Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.

Maria Markoulli
Maria Markoulli, PhD MOptom GradCertOcTher FBCLA FAAO

Maria Markoulli is an Associate Professor and the Director of Learning and Teaching at the School of Optometry and Vision Science at UNSW in Sydney, Australia. She was chair of the recently published Tear Film and Ocular Surface (TFOS) society Lifestyle report which reviewed the evidence on the impact of nutrition on the ocular surface. She was also on the pathophysiology sub-committee of the TFOS Dry Eye Workshop II (DEWSII), and the Contact Lens Discomfort workshop, and will be serving on TFOS DEWSIII. She is deputy editor for Clinical and Experimental Optometry, and a board member of The Ocular Surface. She is the Academic Lead of the UNSW Dry Eye Clinic.

Professor Pankaj Kapahi, Ph.D.
Pankaj Kapahi, Ph.D.

Pankaj Kapahi received his Ph. D. from the University of Manchester where he worked with Tom Kirkwood. He did his postdoctoral work with Seymour Benzer at Caltech and Michael Karin at the University of California at San Diego. He joined the Buck Institute as an Assistant Professor in 2004.

Dr. Kapahi’s lab uses invertebrate models like C. elegans and D. melanogaster, and mice to understand how nutrients influence lifespan and age-related diseases. His laboratory has made significant contributions in the areas of nutrient responses, aging, and metabolism. He was the first to identify the role of the target of rapamycin (TOR) and implicate mRNA translation in mediating lifespan extension by dietary restriction. This work has led to a paradigm shift in the understanding of mechanistic underpinnings of dietary restriction (DR). TOR has emerged as one of the most promising targets for lifespan extension and age-related diseases. Inhibition of the TOR pathway has been shown to extend lifespan in yeast, worms, flies, and recently even mice. Another key contribution of the laboratory has been that modulation of mRNA translation, a critical output of the TOR pathway, plays a significant role in determining lifespan in worms and flies. His laboratory also identified a critical role for enhanced fat turnover and recently circadian clocks in mediating the lifespan extension upon DR. The Kapahi laboratory employs an interdisciplinary approach, combining biochemical, genetic, and genomic techniques, to understand how nutrients and AGEs modulate changes in lifespan and metabolism using D. melanogaster, C. elegans, and mammalian cells. To this end they have recently also been investigating the role of dietary restriction and AGEs in eye aging using flies, mice and humans.

Elizabeth J. Johnson, PhD, FACN, FICS
Elizabeth J. Johnson, PhD, FACN, FICS

Elizabeth J. Johnson. obtained her Ph.D. in nutritional biochemistry at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her postdoctoral work was conducted at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Center on Aging at Tufts University. She currently has a faculty appointment at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science & Policy at Tufts University. She has over 35 years of experience in the study of nutrition and healthy aging with an emphasis on carotenoids and age-related visual and cognitive functions. She is a member of the American College of Nutrition, Carotenoid Research Interactive Group, American Society for Nutrition, and the Brain and Ocular Nutrition Group and is a fellow of the International Carotenoid Society. Dr. Johnson also has editorial roles at Nutrients and Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics.